Patent Foramen Ovale Repair
What it’s for
A patent foramen ovale repair, or closure, is a procedure that's done to close the flap in the wall of the atrial septum, also called a patent foramen ovale. During this procedure, a catheter with a closure device is inserted through the leg vein up to the heart, where the device is left to close up the flap.
How it’s done
Prior to the procedure, a patient will have a cardiac catheterization to access the exact size and location of the defect. During the procedure, a closure device is attached to a catheter, which is inserted into a vein in the groin and advanced to the heart and through the defect with the assistance of X-ray and intracardiac echo.
The cardiologist will push the closure device out of the catheter slowly so that it opens to cover each edge of the defect, sealing it closed. Over time, scar tissue grows over the closure device and it becomes part of the heart.
Risks for PFO closure are very small but include:
· Damage to the heart
· Heart rhythm problems
· Device embolization (moving to the wrong place)
The device is looking good but there risk factors are very bad.Sep 08, 2016